She stirs up even the shiftless to toil; for a man grows eager to work when he considers his neighbour, a rich man who hastens to plough and plant and put his house in good order; and neighbour vies with his neighbour as he hurries after wealth. This Strife is wholesome for men.
For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner.
The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous. One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating.
Cyrus the Great had just overthrown the Medesinand Croesus figured that this must reveal the weakness of the Median state, and that, in any case, Cyrus' new realm was bound to be disorganized for a while, giving the Lydians an opportunity to renew the war that had ended in But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians.
This is a revealing episode, since Croesus wasn't even a Greek. Delphi already had such a reputation. The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall. He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed.
Lydia became part of Persia in But Cyrus didn't kill, torture, or imprison Croesus. The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled.
The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate. A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his. Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to. Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California.
This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians. Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours. The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km.
We get the difference because the distance for the event was determined inwhen the Olympics were in London, and the run was from Windsor Castle to London's Olympic Stadium. So Phidippides didn't run nearly as far as a Marathon.
Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all. He or "Philippides" is mentioned by Herodotus as running to Sparta from Athens before the battle to ask for helpbut there is no account of the run from Marathon for many centuries.
And when Plutarch relates the story, he doesn't mention Phidippides. Others fled the city. Unfortunately, after the Persians had flanked and eliminated the Spartans atThermopylae "Hot gates," i. Athens, however, had just built a new fleet, under the command of Themistocles.
He figured that the "walls of wood" meant the ships and that he should try and bring the Persians to action. He drew them into an attack in the narrow waters between the island of Salamis where most Athenians had fled and the mainland.
Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight. Since most of the Persian fleet consisted of Phoenicians and Egyptians, who didn't want to be there anyway, they began to flee.
Xerxes, observing from a headland, was apoplectic. Now, without a dangerous and humiliating march overland, his army was stranded in Greece, short of supplies. The Greeks allowed for the attrition of a whole year, and then the Spartans attacked and destroyed the remaining Persian force at Plataea, in Themistocles had interpreted the Oracle correctly.
This was the last Persian effort to invade Greece. Despite the leadership of the Spartans, the key to victory had been in the Athenian fleet.
This made the fortunes of Athens for some time. Some scholarly comment has been that Athens became disillusioned with Delphi because it had favored Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, patronizing instead another oracle of Apollo at Delos.
So when Socrates mentions Delphi, this actually adds to the things that are provoking the jury.Attis (and Cybele). Cybele is a goddess, probably of Oriental origin, known in the Greek world from approximately the seventh century BC.
She became known in Rome as Magna Mater ("great mother of the gods") when her cult was imported to the city at the end of the third century BC. The mentor may be older or younger than the person being mentored, Mentoring in Europe has existed since at least Ancient Greek times.
 Though the actual Mentor in the story is a somewhat ineffective old man. Mentor fits the characteristics of the old man/elder archetype because he was wise, old, and when Athena assumed the shape of him he gives good advice.
Although he doesn’t fit the archetype because he himself doesn’t give good advise it is Athena in the shape of Mentor that gives good advice. Twelve Gods: In Greek mythology, there are twelve chief gods, known as Olympians.
Olympians referred to the gods who resided in Olympus. The names . This reality, then, that gives their truth to the objects of knowledge and the power of knowing to the knower, you must say is the idea of the good, and you must conceive it as being the cause of knowledge  and of truth  in so far as known..
Plato, Republic, e, Republic II, translated by Paul Shorey, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, , , pp, color added. Mentor was the son of Alcimus in Greek mythology, who appeared in the Homeric epic The Odyssey.
In old age, he was a close friend of Odysseus, who placed Mentor in responsibility of his son Telemachus, while the hero was away fighting at the Trojan War.
3] HYPATOS (Ὑπατος): From the Greek title for a consul, meaning "most high, supreme."; IAEIROS (Ἰάειρος): Variant spelling of Greek Iaïros, meaning "whom God enlightens."; IAÏROS (Ἰάϊρος): Greek form of Hebrew Yaiyr, meaning "whom God enlightens."In the bible, this is the name of several characters, including a descendant of Manasseh. Chiron was notable throughout Greek mythology for his youth-nurturing nature. His personal skills tend to match those of his foster father Apollo, who taught the young centaur the art of medicine, herbs, music, archery, hunting, gymnastics and prophecy, and made him rise above his beastly nature. Chiron was known for his knowledge and skill with medicine and thus, was credited with the. The Titans were six elder gods in Greek mythology named Cronus, Coeus, Crius, Iapetus, Hyperion and Oceanus, sons of Heaven and Earth, who ruled the early cosmos. Zeus with an army of divine-allies made war on the Titans and cast them into the pit of Tartarus.