Information reported in this series includes coverage of intramural activities and of cooperative studies con- ducted in conjunction with state and local agencies, research institutes, and industrial organizations. Copies of AP reports are available free of charge to Federal employees, current contractors and grantees, and nonprofit organizations - as supplies permit - from the Air Pollution Technical Information Center, Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina or for the cost indicated on the title page from the Superintendent of Documents. Office of Air Programs Publication No. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.
Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D. These five broad categories were established to facilitate further development and application of environmental technology. Elimination of traditional grouping was consciously planned to foster technology transfer and a maximum interface in related fields.
The five series are: Environmental Health Effects Research 2. Environmental Protection Technology 3. This series describes research performed to develop and demonstrate instrumentation, equipment and methodology to repair or prevent environmental degradation from point and non-point sources of pollution.
This work provides the new or improved technology required for the control and treatment of pollution sources to meet environmental quality standards. The Office of Research and Development has reviewed this report and approved its publication.
Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommen- dation for use. Each sheet contains the objectives, statistical information, and a brief description of the project.
Lacy Mr. William Galegar Dr. Kerr Environmental Research Lab P. Mable Sea Consultant Dean K. Both were oriented toward the naviaational aspects of rivers for commercial purposes.
The Public Health Service Agency was established by legislation in In addition, the tonic of industrial waste treat- ment research was covered; the act provided support and technical aid research to the states "to devise and perfect methods of treatment of industrial wastes which are not suscentible to known effective methods of treatment.
Another law amending the Act was PL Water Oualitv Act ofwhich established the Federal Water Pollution Control Adminis- tration FWPCA to "provide grants for research and devel opmentj to increase grants for construction of sewage treatment works, to require establishment of water quality criteria and for other purposes.
The Act made the first significant provision for water pollu- tion technology research activities. The intent O-F making private institutions eligible for participation in these activities was to combine the private and public resources of the nation to work on the water pollution problem.
The "carrot11 would be the incentive to advance technology in a manner conducive to cleaning up the environment- s? PL National Environmental Policy Act of established the Council of Environmental Duality and also established environmental pollution and restoration as a national policy.
This law ream res Federal agencies to prepare, and circulate for comment, analyses of the environmental imnacts of their actions. Agencies must disclose the impact of proposals, consider reasonable alternatives, and integrate the goals and objectives of the act into traditional missions and patterns of decision making.
The District of Columbia Court of Appeals issued a significant decision concerning Federal technology programs and the assessment of the implications of related research activities when they have reached a stage of commitment to implementation likely to restrict later alterna- tives.
Any major effort by the Agency to expand the program along the course proposed by this plan should be construed as a commitment toward the implementation of the developed results of the proposed program.
It brought together the disciplines of adminis- tration, engineering, economics, law, and the ecological sciences in order to define the national program in water pollution control.
PL clearly specifies the objective, policies, and goals of the national water pollution control program, all of which are relevant to industrial pollution point sources.
EPA will establish industrial effluent limitations and standards pol1utant and industrial pretreatment 3. EPA will institute a nationwide permit and licensing program for industrial discharges. EPA will mount a ma. To accomplish this, the law mandates that EPA shall conduct and promote the coordination and acceleration of research, investigations, exneriments and demonstrations, surveys, and studies relating to the extent, prevention, reduc- tion, and elimination of pollution.
As a result, EPA is authorized to: Conduct continuing comprehensive studies of the effects and methods of control of thermal discharges b. Contract with public or private groups and individuals c.
Develop effective and practical processes, methods, and prototype devices d. Conduct research and investigations on technology for reduc- ing the flow of sewage and water consumption e. Conduct projects with any state or related agency that will demonstrate, in river basins or portions thereof, advanced treatment and environmental enhancement techniques to control pollution from all sources g.
General guides for evaluating new technologies on a comparable economic basis were developed. It should be noted that the viability of a technology is determined by its economic acceptability or adsorbability.This article serves as an overview, introducing the currently popular area of supercritical fluids and their uses in food biotechnology.
Within each application, and wherever possible, the basic. Gell er and Goodrum () reported that viscosity of pure and saturated TAGs of to correlated with the carbon number in a second order polynomial fashi on. The viscosity was expressed as (Ea/ RT) µ = Ae in which R is the universal gas constant.
Aug 24, · review of related literature and studies Review of Related Literature Cymbopogon citratus is a genus of about 55 species of grasses, native to warm, temperate and tropical regions of the Old World and the Oceania. A Review of Medicinal Plant Research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, – SA Mitchell1, MH Ahmad1 Some of the early literature has proven difficult to find means that the plant (extract) caused death or demise of at least one test organism, or was found to have a pharma-.
Background: The present review article provides an overview of the published literature concerning microbial quality of medicinal plants and products and their decontamination methods. Review Of Related Literature Of Plant Extract Deodoriza Er REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This investigatory project aims to make use of rambutan peeling extracts that is high in phenolic compounds such as tannin and saponin that exhibits antioxidant activity and antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria.