Wesleyan University Type of paper: Essay This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Essay on Christopher Columbus:
Visit Website Christopher Columbus: Early Life Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, was born in Genoa, Italy, in about When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship. He remained at sea untilwhen French privateers attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast.
The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation.
He also began to hatch the plan that would change the world forever. The First Voyage At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid.
Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: But Columbus had a different idea: Why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the massive African continent? He argued incorrectly that the circumference of the Earth was much smaller than his contemporaries believed it was; accordingly, he believed that the journey by boat from Europe to Asia should be not only possible but comparatively easy.
He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it was not until that he found a sympathetic audience: Columbus wanted fame and fortune. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe. Columbus, a devout Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility.
On October 12, the ships made landfall—not in Asia, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands. In Marchleaving 40 men behind in a makeshift settlement on Hispaniola present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republiche returned to Spain.
Then he headed west, with his own complement of native slaves, to continue his mostly fruitless search for gold and other goods. In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some slaves to Queen Isabella.
In MayColumbus sailed west across the Atlantic for the third time. Conditions were so bad that Spanish authorities had to send a new governor to take over.
Christopher Columbus was arrested and returned to Spain in chains.The discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus changed the history of the world completely. This is not to say that Columbus himself was that important he was just the first European to reach the New World in circumstances that allowed for major colonization to happen.
Free Essay: Columbus and the New World Discovery October 12, , marks the five-hundredth anniversary of the most crucial of all encounters between Europe. Video: Christopher Columbus' Discoveries: History & Summary Christopher Columbus is known the world over as 'the man who discovered America' despite the fact that he was not the first European to.
Christopher Columbus Essay. Historians refer, sometimes, to Columbus discovering America. The nation even celebrates that discovery, but there are other voices.
On August 3, , Columbus set sail from Spain to find an all-water route to Asia. On October 12, more than two months later, Columbus landed on an island in the Bahamas that he called San Salvador; the natives called it Guanahani.
For nearly five months, Columbus explored the Caribbean. Essay on Christopher Columbus: The discovery of America In the modern day US, Christopher Columbus is celebrated as the man who discovered America.
As controversial as the context of the word ‘discovered’ may be used in, the first Monday of every October is the day Americans take their time to celebrate the heroics of Columbus sailing.