Queen Elizabeth not only was able to rise to a powerful position of political status, but she also had the strength to move the land of England into a period of peace and artistic prosper. Women humanists of the Renaissance were limited to the few wealthy aristocrat implies in England.
In fact, we might argue that due to its publication in the sixteenth century it provides a later example and certainly one much more likely to have been influenced by the half century of Italian and Northern European humanism which predates it.
It is written in Latin with numerous allusions to classical Greek as well. Woodcut by Holbein, cover for Utopia. Both Erasmus and More were admirers of the Greek satirist Lucian and in its introductory sections Utopia is loaded with the kind of satire, irony and word play one might associate with that ancient writer.
What makes the work even more typical of Renaissance humanism is its concentration on the application of classical ideas to contemporary society and particularly, politics.
In this respect More could be said to be like Bruni, who believed the application of ancient political ideas would create the ideal state.
Utopia is in many respects a hybrid of humanist thought. It is both a pithy, satirical but ultimately serious hypothesis of an ideal commonwealth, broached in classical language and form and also a disguised critique of the social inequalities of sixteenth century Europe.
As a humanist he framed Utopia as the philosophers example of what is good for mankind but as a realist he knew that it would take more than classical ethics, humanism and for that matter, religion to change his own society. Perhaps both characters represented the real Thomas More, a humanist idealist and sceptical realist.
The two friends hugely admired the Greek satirist Lucian. More had introduced Erasmus to the writer and the influence of this can be seen in The Praise of Folly. In one fundamental respect More and Erasmus are very much alike.
That is in their insistence that correct Christian ethics were an essential part of Renaissance society. The Praise of Folly bears all the signs that Erasmus truly believed that Christian ethics offered the best values system for his age.
Behind all their work was the humanist desire for progress. More needed to recreate his understanding of the ancients in a modern context. Where More diverges from this path is in his fictional account of the ideal commonwealth.
Mar 11, · Both sides agree that the ideal courtier should be proficient in each of these areas. A sign that the Renaissance had raised the status of painting and sculpture was the group’s expectation that a gentleman be knowledgeable about both of these art forms. The Renaissance changed man’s view of man through the institutions of literature, astronomy, anatomy, and art. A change in man’s view of man during the Renaissance could be seen through literature. The book tends to overindulge and flesh out each of the characters involved, but you find the meat of the text in really arguments that form and create the perfect courtier- that of man comfortable amongst kings and princes, while respectful to those "beneath his class" (ironic I know).
Erasmus and Valla and for that matter Bruni all seem grounded in their own environment. Utopia was a land where everything was done and achieved for the common good and these were Christian precepts.
The main difference in Utopia is that reason is insufficient. The common good was admirable and in sixteenth century Europe particularly Italy More saw exactly the kind of society formed when wealth, pride and envy reigned.
His own society reflected this. He was a wealthy man himself but at heart his conscience led him to desire a life of simple Christianity.The courtier and the arts: An excerpt from Baldassare Castiglione, The Courtier Castiglione’s work describes the ideal qualities of a courtier, a role he had himself.
The book takes the form of four conversations, over four nights, at the court of Urbino. Baldassare Castiglione, count of Casatico, was an Italian courtier, diplomat, soldier and a prominent Renaissance author, who is probably most famous for his authorship of Il Cortegiano or The Book of the Courtier.
The work was an example of a courtesy book, dealing with questions of the etiquette and morality of the courtier, and was very . Castiglione’s The Courtier emphasises the needs of courtiers to be useful to their masters and respected for their usefulness by others.
Machiavelli would take an opposing position with his novel The Prince; these books tell us that life at court was gaining importance, whether you were a . Writers of the The Renaissance Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein 4 - Baldassare Castiglione - Book of the Courtier Read the whole text.
This work might be seen as the most important etiquette book, a genre that originated at this time. Essays and Articles on Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature. in Printings of Renaissance Poetry - Ronald S.
Renchler Dissertation: Satire of Counsel, "The Ende Therfore of a Perfect Courtier" in Baldassare Castiglione's The Courtier - Douglas A. Northrop. Start your hour free trial to unlock this page The Book of the Courtier study guide and get instant access to the following: Summary; Characters; Critical Essays; Analysis; 12 Homework Help Questions with Expert Answers; You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides and , Homework Help questions answered by our .