Internet searches are being recorded, driving habits are being monitored, employees are surveiled, shoppers are observed, recorded, and analyzed, and personal phone calls?
Disasters, by nature, are intermittent and arrive unexpectedly, although in some cases with some warning. They require massive recovery efforts which do not logistically lend themselves to the research process. The emotions, or masking of them, that occur during and after disasters, often result in displacement.
The literature on social work disaster research, or on disaster research in general, reflects the paucity of research in this area.
This focus in social work research on disasters relates to their impact, management, and recovery stages. Elements associated with the disaster management process such as post trauma stress reactions, resilience, crisis intervention models, community coordination and prevention planning are components of other precipitating stressors.
However, disasters, by nature, involve a magnitude of impact, as well as a large number of victims and survivors, so that attention to this unique order of magnitude is in itself an element of interventions and research about them.
There are many kinds of disasters — both natural, and mankind-induced: They happen all over the world, and often in areas where service infrastructure is minimal, with disaster response resources needing to be imported. Their magnitude requires the coordination of public and private sector service providers in ways which require that planning and procedures be developed in preparation for the eventual, as well as the real.
Services are usually delivered by a combination of professionals, volunteers, and those who are directly impacted by the disaster who marshal their social sensibilities to aid their neighbors while helping themselves. A review of the selected references below provides a perspective on the evolution of disaster research.
Only recently, but rarely, are quantitative theory-testing studies reported. Much of the literature concerns case studies, or model descriptions, or auto-ethnographic expressions of personal reactions to lived-through disasters.
Later efforts describe models of infrastructure development and the systematization of disaster management services. Still more recent research has focused on post-disaster symptomatology, recovery, and resilience.
Literature about disasters also reflects the global nature of disasters — which occur throughout the world and often involve citizens of several countries, as well as reflecting the increasing international awareness of the similarities of such experiences for people wherever they live.
Two special journal issues have focused on disasters: Differential diagnosis and treatment in social work 4 th ed. References Lessons learned on forced relocation of older adults: This article is an exploratory-descriptive study of older adult public housing residents who were forcibly relocated from their homes when Hurricane Andrew struck Miami-Dade County in The subjects suffered from an array of physical and mental health maladies that were exacerbated when they were uprooted from key support systems, including families, social services, and health care facilities they depended on.
An empirical study into the psychosocial reactions of staff working as helpers to those affected in the aftermath of two traumatic incidents.
This paper addresses the outcome of the first empirical study on the psychosocial impact on four groups of professional staff involved as helpers in the aftermath of two major incidents. The two incidents selected were the Kegworth Air disaster that occurred in the East Midlands area of England in and a terrorist bombing on the Shankill RoadBelfastNorthern Ireland in The four groups of staff chosen for the research, both in England and Northern Irelandwere social workers, ambulance personnel, accident and emergency nurses, and clergy.
The policy and practice implication of the study were used to develop a training program for those who have to cope with trauma in their workplace.
The need for such training was based on the hypothesis that pre-training will help to ameliorate any negative reactions that may be experienced by the helpers.
The results from both incidents were compared to highlight the impact of the work on helpers working with victims from a single incident trauma and in a situation where there was multiple incident traumatization.
Through the act of writing and an active reading of the professional literature, he attempts to re-establish equilibrium to restore confidence, and to rekindle a sense of purpose and meaning in the helping process, both for himself and for the reader.
This is one of six articles in this special issue on the trauma of September 11th and its aftermath. The instructor and many of the students, due to the proximity of the school to the disaster site, were first-hand witnesses to the event.
The unusual opportunity for growth and the implications for clinical practice are also considered in the context of professional literature on the topic of secondary trauma. This study examines the socioeconomic, cultural and atmospheric factors that contribute to deaths in the elderly population due to heat wave disasters.
Even though it is possible to predict heat waves better than many other natural disasters the message does not always reach the elderly and their caregivers who themselves may be of advanced age and isolated.
Psychiatric disorders among victims of a courthouse shooting spree: Community mental health journal Jun; 38 3pp. This study examined the longitudinal course of psychiatric sequelae of a mass shooting incident at a courthouse.A PSYCHOANALYTIC READING LIST Prepared By: Robin J.
Renders, Ph.D. On behalf of the Fellowship Committee American Psychoanalytic Association. Shooting The Odds: Dr. Shipko is a psychiatrist in private practice in Pasadena, CA and author of Surviving Panic Disorder and Xanax ashio-midori.com from his clinical experience, his blog concerns adverse effects of SSRI antidepressants, particularly withdrawal related effects.
Whereas individualist cultures are biased toward separation from the wider group, individuals in collectivist societies have a strong sense of group identity and group boundaries based on genetic relatedness as a result of the greater importance of group conflict during their evolutionary history.
The Rise and Fall of the Official View of Addiction Bruce K. Alexander, Professor Emeritus Simon Fraser University Revised July 3 Confession and Plea to the High Court in the Field of Addiction. At some point in their exploration of Brazil, the Portuguese encountered an animal they called bicho-preguiça (lazy animal or animal sloth).
(Portugese Wikipedia).The French called it Paresseux and the Spanish Perezosos or Pereza (lazy).
The English called it a Sloth. Personality describes you as a person: How you are different from other people and what patterns of behavior are typical of you. Personality is not the same as character, which refers to your ethics, morals, values, and integrity.