Play media Rajneesh's birthday celebrations at his Bombay residence on 11 December Rajneesh began speaking in public inwhile still a lecturer later professor in philosophy at Jabalpur University. He lectured throughout India during the s, promoting meditation and the ideals of free love a social movement based on a civil libertarian philosophy that rejects state regulation and religious interference in personal relationships; he also denounced marriage as a form of social bondage, especially for women. Around this time he "acquired a business manager" from the upper echelons of Indian society, Laxmi Thakarsi Kuruwa, a politically well-connected woman who would function as his personal secretary and organisational chief. She became Rajneesh's first sannyasin taking the name Ma Yoga Laxmi.
Life and Works Lucius Annaeus Seneca c. Seneca had a highly successful, and quite dramatic, political career.
Even a brief and by necessity incomplete list of events in his life indicates that Seneca had ample occasion for reflection on violent emotions, the dangers of ambition, and the ways in which the life of politics differs from the life of philosophy—among the topics pursued in his writings.
Seneca's philosophical writings have often been interpreted with an eye to his biography: However, as personal as Seneca's style often is, his writings are not autobiographical Edwards Seneca creates a literary persona for himself.
He discusses the questions that occupy him in a way that invites his readers to think about issues in their own life, rather than in Seneca's life. The writings that we shall primarily be concerned with are: A brief note is in order here on the relative chronology of Seneca's works, which is hard to establish given that we know so little about Seneca's life apart from his imperial service, as noted above, and its consequences.
The Consolation to Marcia is probably the earliest surviving piece of Seneca's work.
Similarly, the Consolation to His Mother Helvia and the Consolation to Polybius are considered early perhaps dating to 43 or 44the former actually being composed on the occasion of Seneca's banishment to Corsica.
All other surviving works seem to be written later, mostly after Seneca's return to Rome in 49 from his Corsican exile. Among the Moral Essays, the only one we can date with some certainty is On Mercy, an essay in which Seneca directly addresses Nero in the early days of his reign 55 or In the Imperial Period, Stoicism had significant influence on Roman literature, and Seneca's tragedies are of particular interest here.
In Seneca's case, we do not see a poet appropriating or integrating Stoic ideas, but actually a Stoic philosopher writing poetry himself. The precise way in which Seneca's Stoicism is relevant to his tragedies is controversial. Today it is widely assumed that some of the themes in Seneca's tragedies are at least related to his philosophical views.
Seneca's interest in ethics and psychology—first and foremost perhaps the destructive effects of excessive emotion—seems to figure in his plays, and perhaps his natural philosophy plays an equally important role cf.
Fantham15—19; Fischer ; Gill56—58; Rosenmeyer ; Schiesaro ; Volk ; on the range of Seneca's writings, see Volk and Williams In this article, we do not consider his tragedies, but only his prose writings. Some recent work on Seneca suggests that one should see his prose writings and his tragedies as complementary sides of his thought Wray The tragedies are arguably darker than the prose writings, and topics on which Seneca seems to have a consoling philosophical view are explored in rather less consoling ways.
For example, death is seen as a liberation in Seneca's philosophical writings. But in the tragedies, death can appear as a transition to even greater sufferings, or, equally bad, the dead seem to demand ever new deaths, to provide them with fresh companions in the underworld Busch To them, Seneca's writings can appear lengthy and merely admonitory.
Partly, this reaction may reflect prejudices of our training. The remnants of a Hegelian and Nietzschean, and Heideggerean narrative for philosophy are deeply ingrained in influential works of scholarship.
On this account, the history of ancient philosophy is a history of decline, the Roman thinkers are mediocre imitators of their Greeks predecessors, and so on Long Such prejudices are hard to shake off; for many centuries watered-down versions of them have shaped the way students learnt Latin and Greek.
In recent years, however, many scholars have come to adopt a different view.An introduction to the history of the Oneida Community would be incomplete without some discussion of the ability of the original Community and its subsequent incarnations to manage what is surely an extraordinary combination of .
References - A. This page lists references with citation tags that begin with the letter ashio-midori.com other references and a documentation on how these references are cited, see the main references ashio-midori.com can also click on these direct links to the various pages.
Each of these King James New Testament passages refers to the words of "Esaias" and then quotes the book of Isaiah. It would seem obvious that in the minds of the New Testament writers Isaiah and Esaias are one and the same.
beliefs & traditions One of the founding members of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, the Oneidas have many beliefs and traditions that have stood the test of time – devotion to their homelands, commitment to collaboration and respect for the gifts of the Creator.
Traditional Oneida Culture. The Oneida Tribe are members of the League of the Iroquois, a confederacy of the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk based on . Community Impact; Enterprises; Oneida Indian Nation Office of Economic Development; Home / Beliefs & Traditions.
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